The Iroquois Flag and the Hiawatha Wampum Belt

The Hiawatha wampum belt is comprised of thirty eight rows, having a heart as a great tree in the center, on either side there are two squares, all are connected with the heart by white rows of wampum. The belt is the emblem of unity among the Five Nations.

The first square on the left represents the Mohawk Nation, Keeper of the Eastern Door. The inner square on the left, nearest the heart represents the Oneida Nation. The white tree in the middle represents the Onondaga Nation. This tree also means that the heart of the Five Nations is single in loyalty to the Great Law of Peace. The Great Peace is lodged in the heart, meaning that the Haudenosaunee council fire is to burn at Onondaga, serving as the capitol of the Haudenosaunee. It also means that the authority is given to advance the cause of peace. The inner square to the right of the heart represents the Cayuga Nation. The last square, the one furthest to the right represents the Seneca Nation, known as Keeper of the Western Door.

The two lines extending from each side of the squares of the belt, from the Mohawk and Seneca Nations represents a path of peace that other Nations are welcome to travel, to take shelter beneath the Great Tree of Peace, and join the Iroquois Confederacy.

 

History

In the beginning...the Iroquois Indians believed that lacrosse was a gift from the Creator, and it is considered his favourite game; bringing much enjoyment to the Indian people.

1636
French missionary father Jean Brebouf describes “Le jeu de la crosse” as looking like a Bishop crozier
 
1662
French trader Nicolas Perrot first wrote of the game, stating the there were rules and that the game was played to three goals.
 
1750
Mohawks teach the game to French Canadians in Montreal.
 
1763
Ottawa Indians, lead by chief Pontiac, play lacrosse as a diversion and are able to overtake the British at Fort Michilimakinac.
 
1797
Col. William Stone observes a game between the Mohawk and the Seneca with over 600 players involved.
 
1834
Mohawks play lacrosse at St. Pierre Race Track in Montreal making it a popular spectator sport.
 
1844
First official game between the Iroquois and the Canadians started a seventeen year winning streak for the Iroquois.
 
1856
New rules developed as first lacrosse club formed in Montreal as stick becomes shorter and a smaller playing field is defined.
 
1867
Iroquois tour England to play lacrosse as Canada makes lacrosse their national sport.
 
1875
First English Lacrosse club formed in Stockport. Still exists.
 
1880
American team beats Canadian team for the first time. As Indians are banned from all international play.
 
1904
Canada wins Olympic Lacrosse Tournament.
 
1913
Women’s lacrosse begins in England.
 
1932
Iroquois play in Los Angeles Olympics.
 
1967
First World Lacrosse Championship won by Team USA.
 
1971
First NCAA national Lacrosse Championship won by Cornell
 
1983
Iroquois Nationals Lacrosse Program founded.
 

 

 

General Mailing

Iroquois Nationals Lacrosse
PO Box 297
Rooseveltown, NY 13683

 

Onondaga

Iroquois Nationals Lacrosse
Tsha'Hon'nonyen'dakhwa'
326 Route 11
PO Box 360 Onondaga Nation
via Nedrow, New York 13120

 

Akwesasne

Iroquois Nationals Lacrosse
12 Harbor Road
Akwesasne Ontario Canada
K6H 5R7

 

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